Russian Adjectives
Russian Vocabulary

Adjectives - Прилагательные

Adjectives are used to describe people and objects. All the adjectives listed below are the masculine, singular nominative case. However in the Russian language the ends of adjectives change to agree in gender, and in case, with the noun it describes. Adjectives can also appear in short form, or their comparative form. You should refer to the grammar section of this site for details on how to convert or decline each adjective.

You can train to learn these adjectives using our language trainer.

For an explanation of the grammar associated with adjectives: Click Here

Russian Colours

белый - white

чёрный - black

красный - red

зелёный - green

жёлтый - yellow

синий - blue (dark)

голубой - blue

оранжевый - orange

коричневый - brown

серый - grey

розовый - pink

пурпурный - purple

Video: The Colours in Russian - A video to help you learn the colours.

Descriptive Adjectives

Here are some of the more commonly used discriptive Russian adjectives.

быстрый - fast

близкий - near, close

большой - big

важный - important

высокий - tall, high

главный - main

грязный - dirty

громкий - loud

густой - dense, thick

дешёвый - cheap

добрый - kind

дорогой - dear, expensive

жаркий - hot

интересный - interesting

красивый - beautiful

крепкий - strong, tough

лёгкий - easy

маленький - small

медленный - slow

молодой - young

мягкий - soft

новый - new

острый - sharp

первый - first

печальный - sad

плохой - bad

последний - last

приятный - pleasant

простой - simple

скорый - rapid, quick

скучный - boring

сильный - strong, powerful

спокойный - peaceful

старый - old

строгий - strict

сухой - dry

счастливый - happy

твёрдый - hard, firm

тёмный - dark

тёплый - warm

толстый - fat, thick

трудный - difficult

удобный - comfortable

холодный - cold

хороший - good, nice

частный - private

частый - frequent, close together, dense

чистый - clean

яркий - bright

More adjectives

Recommended Books For Learning Russian

The New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners - Probably the best course in a book.

Russian-English Bilingual Visual Dictionary - A visual dictionary with lots of illustrated examples.

A Comprehensive Russian Grammar - A great reference on Russian grammar.

The Big Silver Book of Russian Verbs - A great reference book of conjugated Russian verbs.

Russian Learners' Dictionary: 10,000 Russian Words in Frequency Order - A simple but powerful concept. Expand your vocabulary by learning the most used words first.