Russian Pronouns
Russian Grammar

There are many pronouns in the Russian language and it takes some time to learn them all. Pronouns are words which can be used in the place of nouns so that you don’t have to repeat the nouns. Consider “I”,”He”, “She” in English. Each of the Russian pronouns decline according to their case. Luckily, as often happens in the Russian language, pronouns often decline according to certain patterns. It is far to difficult to remember every pronoun and case, they normally decline in a logical pattern so you should learn them this way.

Russian Personal Pronouns

Singular personal pronouns.

1st person 2nd person 3rd person (masc.) 3rd person (fem.) 3rd person (neut.).
English I, Me You He, Him She, Her It
Nominative Case Я Ты Он Она Оно
Accusative Case Меня Тебя Его Её Его
Genitive Case Меня Тебя Его Её Его
Dative Case Мне Тебе Ему Ей Ему
Instrumental Case Мной Тобой Им Ей Им
Prepositional Case Мне Тебе Нём Ней Нём

Plural personal pronouns.

1st person 2nd person 3rd person
English We, Us You They, Them
Nominative Case Мы Вы Они
Accusative Case Нас Вас Их
Genitive Case Нас Вас Их
Dative Case Нам Вам Им
Instrumental Case Нами Вами Ими
Prepositional Case Нас Вас Них

Note 1: Pronouns that start with vowels may be proceeded by the letter "н" when used with prepositions.
Note 2: Его is pronounced "yevo".

Russian Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns indicate who something belongs to. They may replace a person’s name in the sentence, “Ivan’s Book”. Words like “My, Your, Our, His, Her” in English.

Please note that the genders indicated in the following tables refer to the gender of the noun that these pronouns modify. (ie the noun owned). For example in the phrase "My book", you would use the 1st person (my) and feminie gender (book is feminine) (Моя). Don't confuse this with the pronouns "his" and "her" (Его and Её).

Singular possessive pronouns.

1st Person 2nd Person
Masc. Fem. Neut. Plural Masc. Fem. Neut. Plural
English My, Mine Your, Yours
Nominative Case Мой Моя Моё Мои Твой Твоя Твоё Твои
Accusative Case
Мою Моё Мои
Твою Твоё Твои
Genitive Case Моего Моей Моего Моих Твоего Твоей Твоего Твоих
Dative Case Моему Моей Моему Моим Твоему Твоей Твоему Твоим
Instrumental Case Моим Моей Моим Моими Твоим Твоей Твоим Твоими
Prepositional Case Моём Моей Моём Моих Твоём Твоей Твоём Твоих
3rd Person : Always use Его (m.n) (his, its) or Её (f) (her) regardless of the case of the noun modified.

Plural possessive pronouns.

1st Person 2nd Person
Masc. Fem. Neut. Plural Masc. Fem. Neut. Plural
English Our Your, Yours
Nominative Case Наш Наша Наше Наши Ваш Ваша Ваше Ваши
Accusative Case
Нашу Наше Наши
Вашу Ваше Ваши
Genitive Case Нашего Нашей Нашего Наших Вашего Вашей Вашего Ваших
Dative Case Нашему Нашей Нашему Нашим Вашему Вашей Вашему Вашим
Instrumental Case Нашим Нашей Нашим Нашими Вашим Вашей Вашим Вашими
Prepositional Case Нашем Нашей Нашем Наших Вашем Вашей Вашем Ваших
3rd Person : Always use Их regardless of the gender and case of the noun modified.

Russian Reflexive Pronouns

Personal Reflexive Pronoun “Себя” (-self)

The Russian pronoun “Себя” means self. It is used when the pronoun is the same person or thing as the subject. Example “He talked about himself (Он говорил о себе)”. Himself is a reflexive pronoun. You should read the section on reflexive verbs to have a better understanding of how the reflexive is formed in Russian.

English Myself, himself, herself.
Nominative Case ----
Accusative Case Себя
Genitive Case Себя
Dative Case Себе
Instrumental Case Себой
Prepositional Case Себе

Reflexive possessive pronoun “Свой”

The Russian pronoun “Свой” means “one’s own”. It replaces the normal possessive pronoun when it refers to the subject. Example “Ivan loves his (own) dog (Иван любит свою собаку)”. Unlike English, in Russian the reflexive is required in the 3rd person. If you were to use the normal possessive pronoun it would indicate the dog belongs to someone else. It is optional in the 1st and 2nd person but normally used if the subject is “Ты”.

Masc. Fem. Neut. Plural
English My own, his own, her own
Nominative Case Свой Своя Своё Свои
Accusative Case
Свою Своё Свои
Genitive Case Своего Своей Своего Своих
Dative Case Своему Своей Своему Своим
Instrumental Case Своим Своей Своим Своими
Prepositional Case Своём Своей Своём Своих

Emphatic pronoun “Сам”

The Russian pronoun “Сам” is simply used to emphasise something. It translates to “myself, himself, herself” etc. It’s use is optional, it emphasises part of the sentence, rather than changing it’s meaning. Some examples could be: “I did it myself (Я сам сделал)”, “I will phone the president himself”.

Masc. Fem. Neut. Plural
English Myself, himself, herself
Nominative Case Сам Сама Само Сами
Accusative Case
Саму Само Сами
Genitive Case Самого Самой Самого Самих
Dative Case Самому Самой Самому Самим
Instrumental Case Самим Самой Самим Самими
Prepositional Case Самом Самой Самом Самих

Russian Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns are commonly used when you are pointing to something, or indicating what you are talking about with your body. Like English, “This” is used to indicate something close by, and “That” is used to indicate something not so close.


Masc. Fem. Neut. Plural
English This
Nominative Case Этот Эта Это Эти
Accusative Case
Эту Это Эти
Genitive Case Этого Этой Этого Этих
Dative Case Этому Этой Этому Этим
Instrumental Case Этим Этой Этим Этими
Prepositional Case Этом Этой Этом Этих


Masc. Fem. Neut. Plural
English That
Nominative Case Тот Та То Те
Accusative Case
Ту То Те
Genitive Case Того Той Того Тех
Dative Case Тому Той Тому Тем
Instrumental Case Тем Той Тем Теми
Prepositional Case Том Той Том Тех

Russian Determinative Pronouns


Masc. Fem. Neut. Plural
English All, the whole
Nominative Case Весь Вся Всё Все
Accusative Case
Всю Всё Все
Genitive Case Всего Всей Всего Всех
Dative Case Всему Всей Всему Всем
Instrumental Case Всем Всей Всем Всеми
Prepositional Case Всём Всей Всём Всех

Russian Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions. “What?” and “Who?” have cases based on there location in the sentence. For example you would use the prepositional to ask “About what?”. Example: “What are you talking about (О чём вы говорите?)” . See also: Question words.


English What
Nominative Case Что
Accusative Case Что
Genitive Case Чего
Dative Case Чему
Instrumental Case Чем
Prepositional Case Чём


English Who
Nominative Case Кто
Accusative Case Кого
Genitive Case Кого
Dative Case Кому
Instrumental Case Кем
Prepositional Case Ком


Recommended Books For Learning Russian

The New Penguin Russian Course: A Complete Course for Beginners - Probably the best course in a book.

Russian-English Bilingual Visual Dictionary - A visual dictionary with lots of illustrated examples.

A Comprehensive Russian Grammar - A great reference on Russian grammar.

The Big Silver Book of Russian Verbs - A great reference book of conjugated Russian verbs.

Russian Learners' Dictionary: 10,000 Russian Words in Frequency Order - A simple but powerful concept. Expand your vocabulary by learning the most used words first.