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Russian Pronouns
Russian Grammar


There are many pronouns in the Russian language and it takes some time to learn them all. Pronouns are words which can be used in the place of nouns so that you don’t have to repeat the nouns. Consider “I”,”He”, “She” in English. Each of the Russian pronouns decline according to their case. Luckily, as often happens in the Russian language, pronouns often decline according to certain patterns. It is far to difficult to remember every pronoun and case, they normally decline in a logical pattern so you should learn them this way.

Russian Personal Pronouns

Singular personal pronouns.

1st person2nd person3rd person (masc.)3rd person (fem.)3rd person (neut.).
EnglishI, MeYouHe, HimShe, HerIt
Nominative CaseЯТыОнОнаОно
Accusative CaseМеняТебяЕгоЕёЕго
Genitive CaseМеняТебяЕгоЕёЕго
Dative CaseМнеТебеЕмуЕйЕму
Instrumental CaseМнойТобойИмЕйИм
Prepositional CaseМнеТебеНёмНейНём

Plural personal pronouns.

1st person2nd person3rd person
EnglishWe, UsYouThey, Them
Nominative CaseМыВыОни
Accusative CaseНасВасИх
Genitive CaseНасВасИх
Dative CaseНамВамИм
Instrumental CaseНамиВамиИми
Prepositional CaseНасВасНих

Note 1: Pronouns that start with vowels may be proceeded by the letter "н" when used with prepositions.
Note 2: Его is pronounced "yevo".

Russian Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns indicate who something belongs to. They may replace a person’s name in the sentence, “Ivan’s Book”. Words like “My, Your, Our, His, Her” in English.

Please note that the genders indicated in the following tables refer to the gender of the noun that these pronouns modify. (ie the noun owned). For example in the phrase "My book", you would use the 1st person (my) and feminie gender (book is feminine) (Моя). Don't confuse this with the pronouns "his" and "her" (Его and Её).

Singular possessive pronouns.

1st Person2nd Person
Masc.Fem.Neut.PluralMasc.Fem.Neut.Plural
EnglishMy, MineYour, Yours
Nominative CaseМойМояМоёМоиТвойТвояТвоёТвои
Accusative Case
(animate)
Мой
Моего
МоюМоёМои
Моих
Твой
Твоего
ТвоюТвоёТвои
Твоих
Genitive CaseМоегоМоейМоегоМоихТвоегоТвоейТвоегоТвоих
Dative CaseМоемуМоейМоемуМоимТвоемуТвоейТвоемуТвоим
Instrumental CaseМоимМоейМоимМоимиТвоимТвоейТвоимТвоими
Prepositional CaseМоёмМоейМоёмМоихТвоёмТвоейТвоёмТвоих
3rd Person : Always use Его (m.n) (his, its) or Её (f) (her) regardless of the case of the noun modified.

Plural possessive pronouns.

1st Person2nd Person
Masc.Fem.Neut.PluralMasc.Fem.Neut.Plural
EnglishOurYour, Yours
Nominative CaseНашНашаНашеНашиВашВашаВашеВаши
Accusative Case
(animate)
Наш
Нашего
НашуНашеНаши
Наших
Ваш
Вашего
ВашуВашеВаши
Ваших
Genitive CaseНашегоНашейНашегоНашихВашегоВашейВашегоВаших
Dative CaseНашемуНашейНашемуНашимВашемуВашейВашемуВашим
Instrumental CaseНашимНашейНашимНашимиВашимВашейВашимВашими
Prepositional CaseНашемНашейНашемНашихВашемВашейВашемВаших
3rd Person : Always use Их regardless of the gender and case of the noun modified.

Russian Reflexive Pronouns


Personal Reflexive Pronoun “Себя” (-self)

The Russian pronoun “Себя” means self. It is used when the pronoun is the same person or thing as the subject. Example “He talked about himself (Он говорил о себе)”. Himself is a reflexive pronoun. You should read the section on reflexive verbs to have a better understanding of how the reflexive is formed in Russian.

EnglishMyself, himself, herself.
Nominative Case----
Accusative CaseСебя
Genitive CaseСебя
Dative CaseСебе
Instrumental CaseСебой
Prepositional CaseСебе

Reflexive possessive pronoun “Свой”

The Russian pronoun “Свой” means “one’s own”. It replaces the normal possessive pronoun when it refers to the subject. Example “Ivan loves his (own) dog (Иван любит свою собаку)”. Unlike English, in Russian the reflexive is required in the 3rd person. If you were to use the normal possessive pronoun it would indicate the dog belongs to someone else. It is optional in the 1st and 2nd person but normally used if the subject is “Ты”.

Masc.Fem.Neut.Plural
EnglishMy own, his own, her own
Nominative CaseСвойСвояСвоёСвои
Accusative Case
(animate)
Свой
Своего
СвоюСвоёСвои
Своих
Genitive CaseСвоегоСвоейСвоегоСвоих
Dative CaseСвоемуСвоейСвоемуСвоим
Instrumental CaseСвоимСвоейСвоимСвоими
Prepositional CaseСвоёмСвоейСвоёмСвоих

Emphatic pronoun “Сам”

The Russian pronoun “Сам” is simply used to emphasise something. It translates to “myself, himself, herself” etc. It’s use is optional, it emphasises part of the sentence, rather than changing it’s meaning. Some examples could be: “I did it myself (Я сам сделал)”, “I will phone the president himself”.

Masc.Fem.Neut.Plural
EnglishMyself, himself, herself
Nominative CaseСамСамаСамоСами
Accusative Case
(animate)
Сам
Самого
СамуСамоСами
Самих
Genitive CaseСамогоСамойСамогоСамих
Dative CaseСамомуСамойСамомуСамим
Instrumental CaseСамимСамойСамимСамими
Prepositional CaseСамомСамойСамомСамих

Russian Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns are commonly used when you are pointing to something, or indicating what you are talking about with your body. Like English, “This” is used to indicate something close by, and “That” is used to indicate something not so close.

This

Masc.Fem.Neut.Plural
EnglishThis
Nominative CaseЭтотЭтаЭтоЭти
Accusative Case
(animate)
Этот
Этого
ЭтуЭтоЭти
Этих
Genitive CaseЭтогоЭтойЭтогоЭтих
Dative CaseЭтомуЭтойЭтомуЭтим
Instrumental CaseЭтимЭтойЭтимЭтими
Prepositional CaseЭтомЭтойЭтомЭтих

That

Masc.Fem.Neut.Plural
EnglishThat
Nominative CaseТотТаТоТе
Accusative Case
(animate)
Тот
Того
ТуТоТе
Тех
Genitive CaseТогоТойТогоТех
Dative CaseТомуТойТомуТем
Instrumental CaseТемТойТемТеми
Prepositional CaseТомТойТомТех


Russian Determinative Pronouns

All

Masc.Fem.Neut.Plural
EnglishAll, the whole
Nominative CaseВесьВсяВсёВсе
Accusative Case
(animate)
Весь
Всего
ВсюВсёВсе
Всех
Genitive CaseВсегоВсейВсегоВсех
Dative CaseВсемуВсейВсемуВсем
Instrumental CaseВсемВсейВсемВсеми
Prepositional CaseВсёмВсейВсёмВсех


Russian Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions. “What?” and “Who?” have cases based on there location in the sentence. For example you would use the prepositional to ask “About what?”. Example: “What are you talking about (О чём вы говорите?)” . See also: Question words.

What?

EnglishWhat
Nominative CaseЧто
Accusative CaseЧто
Genitive CaseЧего
Dative CaseЧему
Instrumental CaseЧем
Prepositional CaseЧём

Who?

EnglishWho
Nominative CaseКто
Accusative CaseКого
Genitive CaseКого
Dative CaseКому
Instrumental CaseКем
Prepositional CaseКом

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