The Trans-Siberian Railway
Транссибирская магистраль


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The Trans-Siberian Railway - Транссибирская магистраль

No doubt that the most famous railway in the country is The Trans-Siberian Railway. It’s short name is the Trans-Sib. It was called The Great Siberian Way in the past. And it really deserves to be called great. This railway passes through whole Russia.

It plays a very important role for the country. Don’t forget about its economic importance. The Trans-Sib connects the Central part of Russia with the Eastern part of the country. This helps quicker development of the Siberian territories.

That railroad was built quite quickly for that time. The building of the whole Railway took little more then 14 years. So every year 670 kilometers was ready. The building was complicated with natural factors. The Trans-Siberian Railway passes through big Russian rivers and also through fields of permafrost.

Look at the map and you'll realize what a distance the trains covers travelling by The Trans-Siberian Railway. It connects Moscow and Vladivostok. Also this way it passes many Russian cities and towns. Yaroslavl, Yekaterinburg, Omsk, Irkutsk, Chita are among them. The Trans-Siberian Railway is the longest in the world. Its length is 9288.2 kilometers. In the past The Great Siberian Way started not in Moscow but in Saint-Petersburg. And that time its length was 9508 kilometers.

There is no other Railway that crosses practically 2 continents of the world. By the way 20 per cent of The Trans-Siberian is in Europe and 80 per cent is in Asia. On the board between these continents of the world there is a sign outside the window of the train going on the Trans-Siberian Railway. It’s called “The board of Europe and Asia”.

There are some special excursion tours along The Trans-Siberian Railway. They are very popular among foreigners. They suit those who are interested in going through all the country. You can see how rich and diverse nature and geography of Russia. Here you’ll be able to feel how tremendous its territory is. This is a very exciting and unusual tour.

Those who’ll decide to go through The Trans-Siberian Railway will have visited 87 Russian cities and towns. Monuments and signs installed near the railroad will inform about coming from one region to another. I think it’s enough big experience. There will be some special railway stations on your way. For example one of them is fully made of marble. That is the railway station Sludianka-1. It’s situated not far from the lake Baikal. The station was built as a monument in 1904. It’s devoted to the work of builders and to the finish of the Krugobaikalny railway station. Another interesting place is station Novosibirsk-Glavny. This station was the biggest in Soviet Union before World War II. It was built at the times of Stalin and probably that explains its fundamentality and validity.

Apart from the cities you’ll find a lot of interesting things during the trip. For example you will pass the Urals. They divide Europe and Asia. You’ll see a lot of Russian rivers. For example the Volga, the Ob, the Irtish, the Yenisey, Amour and many others.

The Train goes thorough many different tunnels on its way. The distance of the longest tunnel is 7 kilometers. So a train will go in darkness for several minutes.

Of course Lake Baikal is one of the main sightseeing attractions which you can see during your trip on the Railway. Lots of people overcome hundreds of kilometers especially to see it. This lake is unique.

On geography lessons in Russian schools teachers say that this lake is the most, the most, and the most. So what special is in the Baikal? First, this is the deepest lake in the world. Second, it’s the deepest one. Its deepness achieves 1637 meters. Not bad for a lake, really? Third, it’s the purest. The purity of fresh water is protected.

Going through The Trans-Siberian Railway you get an opportunity to have a look at this lake. Though it’s not enough to say that you’ll just see it because you’ll enjoy its views for some hours. The train goes about 200 kilometers parallel to the lake. Sometimes the road goes very close to the bank. And this makes an unforgettable impression. Nature surrounding the lake is also wonderful. A magnificent view on snow mountains opens. In the purest water of the Baikal it’s possible to see the reflectance of the sky and surrounding vegetation.

Aswell for 40 kilometers it runs besides the Amour gulf of the Japanese sea. So as you see it’s better not to go far from the window. Or you risk missing something really interesting.

The trans-Siberian Railway crosses 8 time zones. So be attentive or you’ll get lost in time. If to note that the road takes about 10 days then you’ll have to correct your watches practically every day.

The choice of the trains going on the Railway is quite big. But the most comfortable are of course the firm trains. There are air conditioners and television. Such trains make fewer stops. Sometimes they even go 400 kilometers without stopping at any station. This class is often used by foreigners and Russians for traveling.

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